What is a Proxy and What Does It Do? In this article, will a proxy hide your IP?
What is a Proxy and What Does It Do? In this article, will a proxy hide your IP? Can my IP be traced if I use a proxy? What is the difference between a proxy and a VPN? Is a proxy a different IP address? We will learn the answers to the questions and all the curious things about what is a proxy server?
What is a Proxy?
A proxy is an intermediate server used to control and monitor users’ access on a network. Typically, a proxy server acts as an intermediary between a computer or a network and the internet. This server requires client devices, for example a computer, to first connect to the proxy server instead of connecting to the internet directly.
The proxy server receives the client device’s request to access the website or internet resources, registers this request, modifies or filters the request if necessary, and finally redirects it to the destination internet resource. This allows the user’s real IP address to be hidden and internet traffic to be filtered or limited.
Proxy servers are used for purposes such as web filtering, access control, privacy and security, especially in corporate networks. They can also be used by users to circumvent restrictions on internet access in many countries or regions.
Proxy servers can be of various types, used for different functions. Here are some common proxy types:
HTTP Proxy: Used to access websites that communicate over the HTTP protocol. This type of proxy uses caching to ensure that web pages load quickly.
HTTPS Proxy: Used to access websites that communicate over the HTTPS protocol. This type of proxy encrypts internet traffic using SSL/TLS encryption and increases security.
SOCKS Proxy: It works over the SOCKS (Socket Secure) protocol and routes all internet traffic. This type of proxy allows many applications to connect to the internet, so it does not depend on web browsers.
FTP Proxy: Used for downloading and uploading files over the FTP (File Transfer Protocol) protocol. This type of proxy can be used to speed up file transfers and limit access. .
DNS Proxy: Works over the DNS (Domain Name System) protocol and routes DNS requests. This type of proxy can provide faster access to websites and can be used to filter out unwanted content.
Reverse Proxy: A Reverse Proxy redirects all requests to the server to a front-end server. This prevents the server from being directly exposed to the internet and increases security. .
These proxy types are chosen according to different needs and use cases. For example, HTTP proxy is used for web browsers, FTP proxy is used for file downloads, while SOCKS proxy can be used to route all internet traffic or DNS proxy can be used to route DNS requests.
What Does a Proxy Do?
Proxy servers can be used for various purposes when using the internet:
Security: Proxy servers increase anonymity by hiding users’ real IP addresses and increase security by preventing attackers from accessing users’ computers.
Access control: Proxy servers can be used to restrict access. For example, businesses can use proxy servers to ensure that employees can only access certain websites.
Internet filtering: Proxy servers can be used for content filtering. This is especially important for institutions such as schools and libraries, as they may want to restrict student access to the internet and filter out unwanted content.
Efficiency: Proxy servers can speed up internet access by reducing network traffic and lower internet costs by reducing bandwidth usage. .
Circumventing geoblocks: Proxy servers can be used to circumvent regional restrictions. For example, if a user who is not located in a particular region wants to access a website in that region, they can use a proxy server in that region to access the website.
For these reasons, proxy servers are often used, especially by corporate networks and large institutions such as schools. However, personal users can also use proxy servers, especially for the security and anonymity of Internet use.
How to Adjust Proxy Settings?
You can follow the steps below to adjust the proxy settings:
- For Windows operating system: a. Go to Settings from the Start menu and click on Network and Internet. b. Click on the Proxy tab on the left side. c. Turn on the “Set proxy server manually” option. d. Enter the server address and port.
- For Mac OS: a. Go to Preferences from the Apple menu and click Network. b. Click the Advanced button and then go to the Proxy tab. c. Enable “Web Proxy(HTTP)” and “Secure Web Proxy(HTTPS)” and enter the server address and port.
- For iOS devices: a. Go to the Settings app and click Wi-Fi. b. Click on the corresponding Wi-Fi network and enable the “HTTP Proxy” option. c. Enter the server address and port.
- For Android devices: a. Go to the Settings app and click Wi-Fi. b. Press and hold the corresponding Wi-Fi network and click “Edit Network”. c. Open “Advanced Options” and enable “Use Proxy Settings”. d. Enter the server address and port. .
By following these steps, you can easily adjust your proxy settings. However, enter all the information regarding the proxy settings correctly, otherwise you may experience connection problems.
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